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## Fractal Properties of the Magnetic Polarity Scale in the Stochastic Hereditary αω-Dynamo Model have been investigated

We study some fractal properties of the hereditary αω-dynamo model in the two-mode approximation. The phase variables of the model describe the temporal dynamics of the toroidal and poloidal components of the magnetic field. The hereditary operator of the quenching the α-effect by field helicity in numerical simulation is determined using the Riemann–Liouville fractional differentiation operator. The model also includes a stochastic term. The structure of this term corresponds to the effect of coherent structures from small-scale magnetic field and velocity modes. A difference scheme and a program code for numerical simulation have been developed and verified. A series of computational experiments with the model has been carried out. The Hausdorff dimension of the polarity scale in the model and the distribution of polarity intervals are calculated. It is shown that the Hausdorff dimension of the polarity scale is less than 1, i.e., this scale is a fractal. The numerical value of the dimension for some values of the control parameters is 0.87, which is consistent with the dimension of the real geomagnetic polarity scale. The distribution histogram of polarity intervals in the model has a pronounced power-law tail, which also agrees with the properties of real polarity scales.

Vodinchar G., Feshchenko L. Fractal Properties of the Magnetic Polarity Scale in the Stochastic Hereditary αω-Dynamo Model. Fractal and Fractional 2022, Vol. 6, 328. https://doi.org/10.3390/fractalfract6060328