Generation of non-substorm Pi2s at low and mid-latitudes

  1. Geomagnetic Observatories, CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, India
  2. Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation FEB RAS, 684034, Paratunka, Russia

This study analyses the characteristics of non‐substorm Pi2 (impulsive pulsations (3‐25 mHz)) from low and mid latitudes and investigates the trends of these oscillations. Pi2 events are identified from geomagnetic H‐component data from low and mid‐latitude observatories Hyderabad (HYB, L=1.03) and Paratunka (PET, L=2.1) respectively, during solar maximum period (2015‐2016) for quietest geomagnetic conditions, with stringent criteria of interplanetary parameters and activity indices. Data from five high latitude stations from THEMIS ground magnetometer chain, covering all local time sectors are additionally analysed to verify the absence of substorms, pseudo substorms etc. which may also generate Pi2 signatures. Variation of non‐substorm Pi2 periods with geomagnetic activity index Kp and solar wind speed (Vsw) show inverse relations with Pi2 period at HYB. In addition, non‐substorm Pi2s are distributed equally in all local time sectors with ratio of second harmonic to fundamental Pi2 ranging within 1.3‐2.2. These trends of non‐substorm Pi2s indicate plasmaspheric cavity resonance (PCR) as the dominant source at low latitude, confirmed using a theoretical model. In contrast, non‐substorm Pi2 periods do not show a steady trend with Kp and Vsw at mid latitude station PET. Local time variations show an increased period in the pre‐midnight sector at PET. A close agreement between theoretical estimates and observed periods of non‐substorm Pi2‐s at PET, leads to the inference of Alfvenic nature of these modes, attributable to a resonant oscillation.

J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys. - 2020. - vol.125, N9. - P.e2019JA026741;