Magnetic and ionospheric observations in the Far Eastern region of Russia during the magnetic storm of 5 April 2010

  1. Yu.G.Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aeronomy SB RAS, Yakutsk, Russia
  2. Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radiowave Propagation FEB RAS, Paratunka, Russia
  3. Kamchatka State Technical University, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia
  4. Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI", Saint Petersburg, Russia
  5. International Center for Space Weather Science and Education, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

Magnetic and ionospheric disturbances in the far eastern region of Russia during the magnetic storm of 5 April 2010 are studied using data of geophysical stations operated by IKFIA SB RAS and IKIR FEB RAS. By performing wavelet

analysis of experimental data, the wavelet powers of geomagnetic perturbations at different stations are estimated, in an attempt to investigate the dynamical development of a geomagnetic storm. It is shown that, though weak geomagnetic disturbances were present prior to the main phase of magnetic storm, the variations of the magnetic field during a storm development were found to be rather strong. The highest intensity of geomagnetic disturbances during the interplanetary shock at the Earth's magnetosphere was observed at KTN (L~9) while at ZYK (L~4) strongest geomagnetic perturbations occurred during the magnetospheric substorm with the onset at 09:03 UT. Large geomagnetic fluctuations were recorded at TIX and CHD (L~5-6), when the High-Intensity Long-Duration Continuous AE Activity (HILDCAA) was observed on 6 April 2010. Ionospheric conditions at YAK (L~3.4) and PET (L~2.2) were characterized by a pre-storm enhancement in the electron density in the F2 layer on 4 April 2010 and prolonged negative phase of the ionospheric storm during the main and recovery phases of magnetic storm on 6-8 April 2010. These experimental results underscore the importance of multiinstrumental observations and provide clues to the complex interactive processes.

Sun and Geosphere. - 2015. - Vol.10, N2. - P.133-140