Auto clustering of the variety of pulse signals based on their symbolic description

  1. Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation FEB RAS

In a number of applied studies of geophysics, medicine, cosmophysics, atomic physics and other fields of knowledge, useful information is often hidden in the character of the behavior of a stream of frequency modulated pulses, which are represented by a large variety of forms, significantly different from each other up to several orders value of magnitude amplitude and durations. Noise is often present in the signal. Under these conditions, the problem arises of identifying both individual pulses and groups of pulses to assess the connection between their dynamic characteristics and the state of system. To solve the problem by a method is proposed that includes signal cleaning from interference, the operation of extracting and converting pulses into a code representing a sequence of invariant amplitude and time transformations of similar pulses combined by a single graphic pattern called “symbol”. All symbols extracted from the signal make up the alphabet. A procedure for narrowing the dimension of the alphabet is shown, which allows you to automatically divide it into clusters according to the degree of coincidence of the code. The results of the practical application of the developed method for the selection of base classes of the geoacoustic emission (GAS) signals related to the objective data of the state of the signal-generating medium are presented. The study used data from the archives of observations IKIR FEB RAS.


Senkevich Yu. Auto clustering of the variety of pulse signals based on their symbolic description // E3S Web of Conferences. 2019. 127. 02005. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/201912702005.