System approach to identification of geopulses

  1. Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Radio Wave Propagation FEB RAS

A new system approach to the identification and systematization of geophysical pulses is described. It includes stages of detection, analysis, object and structural description, pulse classification. In order to identify the pulses in geoacoustic emission, we apply a method based on the calculation of adaptive threshold, the values of which are estimated by the results of signal root-mean-square deviation in a moving window of a defined size. The detected pulses are described and identified by an adaptive matching pursuit algorithm which allows us to decompose the pulse into linear combination of basic functions from a combined Gauss-Berlage dictionary with minimum spatial and time costs and with the required accuracy of constructed approximations. Within the framework of object approach, pulses are described by a combination of features such as the number of functions in a decomposition, function type, parameters etc. We present a method of reduction of innumerable diversity of identified pulses to a denumerable set of patterns. It is based on structural transformation of geoacoustic emission pulses with simultaneous automatic procedure of classification. The results obtained during the application of the described system approach to the analysis of geoacoustic signals are summarized in a Geophysical Signal Catalogue.

Gapeev M.I., Senkevich Yu.I., Lukovenkova O.O., Solodchuk A.A. System approach to identification of geopulses // J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 2019. 1368. 052034. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1368/5/052034.